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Published January 25, 2020 | Submitted
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Cascaded half-harmonic generation of femtosecond frequency combs in mid-IR


For the growing demand of frequency combs in mid-infrared (mid-IR), known as the "molecular fingerprint" region of the spectrum [1], down conversion of near-IR frequency combs through half- harmonic generation offers numerous benefits including high conversion efficiency and intrinsic phase and frequency locking to the near-IR pump [2]. Hence cascaded half-harmonic generation promises a simple path towards extending the wavelength coverage of stable frequency combs. Here, we report a two-octave down-conversion of a frequency comb around 1 µm through cascaded half-harmonic generation with ~64% efficiency in the first stage, and ~18% in the second stage. We obtain broadband intrinsically-frequency-locked frequency combs with ~50-fs pulses at ~2 µm and ~110-fs pulses at ~4 µm. These results indicate the effectiveness of half-harmonic generation as a universal tool for efficient phase- and frequency-locked down-conversion, which can be beneficial for numerous applications requiring long-wavelength coherent sources.

Additional Information

The authors thank M.M. Fejer, for discussions, and R. McCracken, C. Langrock, and K. Urbanek for experimental support.

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Submitted - 1510.03744.pdf


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August 20, 2023
August 20, 2023