Local dynamic gradient Smagorinsky model for large-eddy simulation
This paper introduces a local dynamic model for large-eddy simulation (LES) without averaging in the homogeneous directions. It is demonstrated that the widely used dynamic Smagorinsky model (DSM) has a singular dynamic model constant if it is used without averaging. The singularity can cause exceedingly large local values of the dynamic model constant. If these large values are not mitigated by the application of averaging, they can amplify discretization errors and impair the stability of simulations. To improve the local applicability of the DSM, the singularity is removed by replacing the resolved rate-of-strain tensors in the Smagorinsky model with the resolved velocity gradient tensor. This replacement results in the dynamic gradient Smagorinsky model (DGSM). Results of simulations of three canonical turbulent flows (decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence, a temporal mixing layer, and turbulent channel flow) are presented to demonstrate the potential of this model. The DGSM provides improved stability compared to the local DSM and does not require averaging for stability at time step sizes that are typically used for a locally consistent static LES model. Results obtained with the DGSM are generally as accurate as results obtained with the DSM, while the DGSM has lower computational complexity. Moreover, the DGSM is easy to implement and does not require any homogeneous direction in space or time. It is therefore concluded that the DGSM is a promising local dynamic model for LES.
Additional Information© 2022 American Physical Society. (Received 11 October 2021; accepted 6 July 2022; published 21 July 2022).
Published - PhysRevFluids.7.074604.pdf
Accepted Version - 2110.05585.pdf