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Published November 13, 1979 | public
Journal Article

Voyager 2: Energetic Ions and Electrons in the Jovian Magnetosphere


Abstract. The Voyager 2 encounter has enhanced our understanding of earlier results and provided measurements beyond 160 Jupiter radii (RJ) in the magnetotail. Significant fluxes of energetic sulfur and oxygen nuclei (4 to 15 million electron volts per nucleon) of Jovian origin were observed inside 25R^j, and the gradient in phase space density at 12 R^J indicates that the ions are diffusing inward. A substantially longer time delay versus distance was found for proton flux maxima in the active hemisphere in the magnetotail at Jovicentric longitudes Am = 260° to 320° than in the inactive hemisphere at Am = 85° to 110°. These delays can be related to the radial motion of plasma expanding into the magnetotail, and differences in the expansion speeds between the active and inactive hemispheres can produce rarefaction regions in trapped particles. It is suggested that the JO-hour modulation of interplanetary Jovian electrons may be associated with the arrival at the dawn magnetopause of a rarefaction region each planetary rotation.

Additional Information

Copyright © 1979 AAAS. We thank the Voyager Project and the enthusiastic staff of our laboratories at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) for splendid support. Special thanks go to W. Althouse and J. Povlis (Caltech), J. Broomhall and J. Zipse of Computer Sciences Corporation, W. Davis, H. Domchick, and D. Stilwell (GSFC), and E. Franzgrote (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) who had major responsibilities. The team was greatly assisted in the near-real-time data analysis by the following Caltech undergraduates: T. Cowan, J. Ennis, D. Gordon, H. King, and especially T. Van Eck who wrote several special computer programs. Supported by NASA under contracts NAS 7-100 and NOR 05-002-160. Space Radiation Laboratory SRL ID #: 1979-10

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