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Published September 23, 1994 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Development of electro-optic polymers for high-voltage instrument transformers


This paper describes some poled electrooptic bulk polymers (EOP) of the guest/host type having a cured epoxy resin as the host. The electrooptic polymers of typical dimensions 13 X 13 X 3 mm are characterized with respect to application as Pockels materials in an optical high voltage sensor. The electrooptic coefficients obtained here are of the same order of magnitude as those which are required for high voltage applications. An optical sensor based on disperse red 1 dye and an epoxy polymer is developed. It is able to measure voltages up to 10 kV AC. It is shown that bulk EOP can be produced with relatively large physical dimensions comparable to commercially available Pockels crystals. A technique is described which compensates for the inevitable intrinsic birefringence built into most bulk polymers. The epoxy based EOP shows high orientational stability, even when compared with a polysulfone based EOP having a higher glass transition temperature.

Additional Information

© 1994 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). The author gratefully acknowledges P.O. Henk, 0. Tønnesen, Anders Petersen and Lairs Hofmann all at the Technical University of Denmark, for innumerable inspiring discussions. I would like to thank Sandra Gilmour at the California Institute of Technology for the development and synthesis of nonlinear dyes, and Grant Bourhill at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for great collaboration on the thin film work and the theoretical calculations. This research project is supported by the Danish Technical Research Council, and the Danish Research Academy.

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August 20, 2023
August 20, 2023