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Published June 15, 1979 | Published
Journal Article Open

Are the homogeneous linewidths of spin resonance (ODMR) and optical transitions related?


This paper examines two problems that are central to the question raised in the title. First, we describe formally the origin of homogeneous broadening of ODMR and optical transitions in the presence and absence of spin‐orbital couplings between the lowest triplet and other triplet or singlet states. Second, we deduce expressions that relate the spin‐to‐optical widths to the rates of o r b i t a l and s p i nscatterings in the singlet and triplet states. In the absence spin‐orbital coupling, it is found that the optical width caused by p u r edephasing has a much different origin than the ODMR width. In the presence of spin‐orbital coupling, on the other hand, the two widths are r e l a t e d and depend on the phonon‐induced scattering cross section of the ground electronic state and the other spin sublevel that is involved in the ODMR transition and is not perturbed by spin‐orbital interactions. Throughout the paper the coupling of only one triplet sublevel to the singlet was chosen to sufficiently represent the effect of spin‐orbital coupling on ODMR and optical widths. Finally, using these theoretical findings we compare the results with some available data on aromatics (ππ^*states) and azines and carbonyls (nπ^*states) and also conjecture on possible future experiments.

Additional Information

© 1979 American Institute of Physics. Received 22 November 1978. It is a pleasure to acknowledge research support of this work by the National Science Foundation and Department of Energy. I would like to acknowledge useful and beneficial discussions with Dr. J.-P. Lemaistre, Mr. K. Jones, and Professor R. Orbach on this problem. The fruitful comments and thorough reading of the manuscript by Professor D. Diestler and Professor R. Silbey are greatly appreciated.

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