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Published June 10, 2019 | Published
Journal Article Open

Dual-polarization analog optical phase conjugation for focusing light through scattering media


Focusing light through or inside scattering media by the analog optical phase conjugation (AOPC) technique based on photorefractive crystals (PRCs) has been intensively investigated due to its high controlled degrees of freedom and short response time. However, the existing AOPC systems only phase-conjugate the scattered light in one polarization direction, while the polarization state of light scattered through a thick scattering medium is spatially random in general, which means that half of the scattering information is lost. Here, we propose dual-polarization AOPC for focusing light through scattering media to improve the efficiency and fidelity in the phase conjugation. The motivations of the dual-polarization AOPC are illustrated by theoretical analysis and numerical simulation, and then an experimental system is established to realize the dual-polarization AOPC. By separating and rotating the two orthogonal polarization components of the randomly polarized scattered light, light in all polarization states is recorded and phase-conjugated using the same PRC. Experimental results for focusing through a thick biological tissue show that the intensity of the time-reversed focus from the dual-polarization AOPC can be enhanced by a factor of approximate four compared with the existing single-polarization AOPC.

Additional Information

© 2019 Published under license by AIP Publishing. Submitted: 22 March 2019; Accepted: 25 May 2019; Published Online: 13 June 2019. Contributions: Z. Cheng and J. Yang contributed equally to this work. The authors acknowledge financial support from National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant No. R01 CA186567 (NIH Director's Transformative Research Award).

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