High efficiency double-wavelength dielectric metasurface lenses with dichroic birefringent meta-atoms
Metasurfaces are ultrathin optical structures that manipulate optical wavefronts. Most metasurface devices which deflect light are designed for operation at a single wavelength, and their function changes as the wavelength is varied. Here we propose and demonstrate a double-wavelength metasurface based on polarization dependent dielectric meta-atoms that control the phases of two orthogonal polarizations independently. Using this platform, we design lenses that focus light at 915 and 780 nm with perpendicular linear polarizations to the same focal distance. Lenses with numerical apertures up to 0.7 and efficiencies from 65% to above 90% are demonstrated. In addition to the high efficiency and numerical aperture, an important feature of this technique is that the two operation wavelengths can be chosen to be arbitrarily close. These characteristics make these lenses especially attractive for fluorescence microscopy applications.
© 2016 Optical Society of America. Received 2 Jun 2016; revised 23 Jul 2016; accepted 25 Jul 2016; published 3 Aug 2016. This work was supported by Samsung Electronics. A.A. was also supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) award 1512266. S.M.K. was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) "Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion" Energy Frontier Research Center under grant DE-SC0001293. The devices were fabricated at the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech.
Published - oe-24-16-18468.pdf