Focusing light into biological tissue: how effective is it?
Focusing light into a turbid medium was studied with Monte Carlo simulations. Focusing was found to have a significant impact on the absorption distribution in turbid media when the depth of the focal point (the distance between the focal point and the surface of the turbid media) was less than or comparable with the transport mean free path. Focusing could significantly increase the peak absorption and narrow the absorption distribution. As the depth of the focal point increased, the peak absorption decreased, and the depth of peak absorption increased initially but quickly reached a plateau that was less than the transport mean free path. A refractive-index-mismatched boundary between the ambient medium and the turbid medium deteriorated the focusing effect, increased the absorption near the boundary, lowered the peak absorption, and broadened the absorption distribution.
Additional Information© 2000 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This project was sponsored in part by the National Institutes of Health grants R29 CA68562 and R01 CA71980, and the National Science Foundation grant BES-9734491.
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