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Published January 16, 2017 | public
Journal Article

Comparative Effects of Linearly and Circularly Polarized Illumination on Microwave-Induced Thermoacoustic Tomography


Homogeneous illumination is important in microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography (TAT) because it directly determines the quantification of the reconstructed images of objects. In this work, we studied the effects of both linearly and circularly polarized microwave illuminations on TAT images. A customized horn antenna and a helical antenna working at 3 GHz were used to provide linearly polarized and circularly polarized illuminations, respectively. Based on our simulated and experimental results from tumor phantoms, the imaged patterns of the targets showed dependence on their permittivity. The target size and microwave wavelength within the target affected the microwave power distribution, which resulted in different reconstructed images. We analyzed the effect of the microwave penetration depth on TAT images as well. The images under circularly polarized illumination presented better quality than those under linearly polarized illumination. Hence, circularly polarized illumination can potentially better detect breast tumors in clinical applications.

Additional Information

© 2017 IEEE. Manuscript received July 19, 2016; revised November 15, 2016; accepted January 7, 2017. Date of publication January 16, 2017; date of current version June 12, 2017. The work of Y. He was supported by the China Scholarship Council 201506240067 and the China 973 program 2013CB328902.

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