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Published September 1, 2012 | Accepted Version + Published
Journal Article Open

Herschel observations of a z ∼ 2 stellar mass selected galaxy sample drawn from the GOODS NICMOS Survey


We present a study of the far-infrared (IR) properties of a stellar mass selected sample of 1.5 < z < 3 galaxies with log (M_*/M_⊙) > 9.5 drawn from the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) Survey (GNS), the deepest H-band Hubble Space Telescope survey of its type prior to the installation of Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3). We use far-IR and submm data from the Photoconductor Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) and Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (SPIRE) instruments on-board Herschel, taken from the PACS Evolutionary Probe (PEP) and Herschel Multi-Tiered Extragalactic Survey (HerMES) key projects, respectively. We find a total of 22 GNS galaxies, with median log (M_*/M_⊙) = 10.8 and z = 2.0, associated with 250 μm sources detected with signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) > 3. We derive mean total IR luminosity log LIR(L_⊙) = 12.36 ± 0.05 and corresponding star formation rate (SFR)_(IR + UV) = (280 ± 40) M_⊙ yr^(−1) for these objects, and find them to have mean dust temperature T_dust ≈ 35 K. We find that the SFR derived from the far-IR photometry combined with ultraviolet (UV)-based estimates of unobscured SFR for these galaxies is on average more than a factor of 2 higher than the SFR derived from extinction-corrected UV emission alone, although we note that the IR-based estimate is subject to substantial Malmquist bias. To mitigate the effect of this bias and extend our study to fainter fluxes, we perform a stacking analysis to measure the mean SFR in bins of stellar mass. We obtain detections at the 2–4σ level at SPIRE wavelengths for samples with log (M_*/M_⊙) > 10. In contrast to the Herschel detected GNS galaxies, we find that estimates of SFR_(IR + UV) for the stacked samples are comparable to those derived from extinction-corrected UV emission, although the uncertainties are large. We find evidence for an increasing fraction of dust obscured star formation with stellar mass, finding SFR_(IR)/SFR_(UV) ∝ M^(0.7±0.2)_*, which is likely a consequence of the mass–metallicity relation.

Additional Information

© 2012 The Authors. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS. Accepted 2012 June 11. Received 2012 June 8; in original form 2012 January 26. Article first published online: 27 Jul. 2012. We thank the referee for many helpful comments which have improved this paper. We thank Amanda Bauer for providing the UV-based SFR measurements of GNS galaxies and useful discussions. MH and CJC acknowledge financial support from the Leverhulme Trust and STFC. Support for the GNS was also provided by NASA/STScI grant HST-GO11082. SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff University (UK) and including Univ. Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, Univ. Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK) and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, Univ. Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy);MCINN (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); STFC, UKSA (UK) and NASA (USA). PACS has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by MPE (Germany) and including UVIE (Austria); KU Leuven, CSL, IMEC (Belgium); CEA, LAM (France); MPIA (Germany); INAFIFSI/OAA/OAP/OAT, LENS, SISSA (Italy) and IAC (Spain). This development has been supported by the funding agencies BMVIT (Austria), ESA-PRODEX (Belgium), CEA/CNES (France), DLR (Germany), ASI/INAF (Italy) and CICYT/MCYT (Spain).

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