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Published 2001 | public
Conference Paper Open

Examining the Abundance of Rare Elements in Solar Energetic Particle Events


Using data accumulated with the Solar Isotope Spectrometer on ACE during 27 large solar energetic pa1ticle (SEP) events the effects of charge-to-mass (Q/M) fractionation on rare elements arc examined. In an attempt to correct for these fractionation effects and obtain preliminary estimates of the coronal abundances of K, Ti, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn, the SEP events are classified according to their Fe/Si ratio. The data from all events within an Fe/Si category are summed and the rare element abundances extracted over an energy interval of 20 to 65 MeV/nucleon. We estimated the apparent Q/M fractionation, corrected for it, and obtained initial results which are encouraging.

Additional Information

This work was supported by NASA aL Caltech (under grant NAG5-6912), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, aod Goddard Space Flight Center.


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