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Published October 8, 2020 | Submitted
Journal Article Open

A quadratic divisor problem and moments of the Riemann zeta-function


We estimate asymptotically the fourth moment of the Riemann zeta-function twisted by a Dirichlet polynomial of length T 1/4^(−ε). Our work relies crucially on Watt's theorem on averages of Kloosterman fractions. In the context of the twisted fourth moment, Watt's result is an optimal replacement for Selberg's eigenvalue conjecture. Our work extends the previous result of Hughes and Young, where Dirichlet polynomials of length T 1/11^(−ε) were considered. Our result has several applications, among others to the proportion of critical zeros of the Riemann zeta-function, zero spacing and lower bounds for moments. Along the way we obtain an asymptotic formula for a quadratic divisor problem, where the condition am₁m₂−bn₁n₂=h is summed with smooth averaging on the variables m₁,m₂,n₁,n₂,h and arbitrary weights in the average on a,b. Using Watt's work allows us to exploit all averages simultaneously. It turns out that averaging over m₁,m₂,n₁,n₂,h right away in the quadratic divisor problem considerably simplifies the combinatorics of the main terms in the twisted fourth moment.

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© 2020 EMS Publishing House. Published online: 2020-08-10.

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