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Published March 4, 2013 | Supplemental Material + Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Photoacoustic microscopy with 7.6-μm axial resolution


The axial resolution of photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is much lower than its lateral resolution, which resolves down to the submicron level. Here we achieved so far the highest axial resolution of 7.6 μm by using a commercial 125 MHz ultrasonic transducer for signal detection, followed by the Wiener deconvolution for signal processing. The axial resolution was validated by imaging two layers of red ink in a wedge shape. Melanoma cells were imaged ex vivo with high axial resolution. Compared with a PAM system with a 50 MHz ultrasonic transducer, our high-axial-resolution PAM system resolved the blood vessels in mouse ears in vivo much more clearly in the depth direction.

Additional Information

© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This work was sponsored in part by National Institutes of Health grants R01 EB000712, R01 EB008085, R01 CA134539, U54 CA136398, R01 CA157277, and R01 CA159959. L.W. has a financial interest in Microphotoacoustics, Inc. and Endra, Inc., which, however, did not support this work. K.M. has a financial interest in Microphotoacoustics, Inc.

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