Nearly-optimal sequential tests for finitely many parameter values
Combinations of one-sided sequential probability ratio tests (SPRT's) are shown to be "nearly optimal" for problems involving a finite number of possible underlying distributions. Subject to error probability constraints, expected sample sizes (or weighted averages of them) are minimized to within o(1) asymptotically. For sequential decision problems, simple explicit procedures are proposed which "do exactly what a Bayes solution would do" with probability approaching one as the cost per observation, c, goes to zero. Exact computations for a binomial testing problem show that efficiencies of about 97% are obtained in some "small-sample" cases.