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Published November 21, 2001 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Constraints on the nucleosynthesis of refractory nuclides in galactic cosmic rays


Abundances of the isotopes of the refractory elements Ca, Fe, Co, and Ni in the galactic cosmic-ray source are compared with corresponding abundances in solar-system matter. For the 12 nuclides considered, relative abundances agree to within a factor of 2, and typically within 20–30%. In addition, comparisons of cosmic-ray abundances with model calculations of supernova yields are used to argue that cosmic rays contain contributions from stars with a broad range of masses. Based on these and other results we suggest that cosmic rays probably represent a sample of contemporary interstellar matter, at least for refractory species.

Additional Information

© 2001 American Institute of Physics. Issue Date: 21 November 2001. This research was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration at the California Institute of Technology (under grant NAG5-6912), the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, and Washington University.

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