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Published December 1, 2018 | Published
Journal Article Open

Study of the reactions e^+e^− → π^+π^−π^0π^0π^0 and π^+π^−π^0π^0η at center-of-mass energies from threshold to 4.35 GeV using initial-state radiation


We study the processes e^+e^− → π^+π^−π^0π^0π^0γ and π^+π^−π^0π^0ηγ in which an energetic photon is radiated from the initial state. The data are collected with the BABAR detector at SLAC. About 14 000 and 4700 events, respectively, are selected from a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469  fb^(-1). The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e^+e^− center-of-mass energy. From the mass spectra, the first precise measurement of the e^+e^− → π^+π^−π^0π^0π^0 cross section and the first measurement ever of the e^+e^− → π^+π^−π^0π^0η cross section are performed. The center-of-mass energies range from threshold to 4.35 GeV. The systematic uncertainty is typically between 10% and 13%. The contributions from ωπ^0π^0, ηπ^+π^−, and other intermediate states are presented. We observe the J/ψ and ψ(2S) in most of these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions, many of them for the first time.

Additional Information

© 2018 Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3. Received 30 October 2018; published 28 December 2018. We are grateful for the extraordinary contributions of our PEP-II colleagues in achieving the excellent luminosity and machine conditions that have made this work possible. The success of this project also relies critically on the expertise and dedication of the computing organizations that support BABAR. The collaborating institutions wish to thank SLAC for its support and the kind hospitality extended to them. This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy and National Science Foundation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (Netherlands), the Research Council of Norway, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Spain), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom), and the Binational Science Foundation (U.S.-Israel). Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie IEF program (European Union) and the A. P. Sloan Foundation (USA).

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Published - PhysRevD.98.112015.pdf


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August 19, 2023
October 19, 2023