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Published August 29, 2012 | Published
Journal Article Open

Study of W boson production in PbPb and pp collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV


A measurement is presented of W-boson production in PbPb collisions carried out at a nucleon–nucleon (NN) centre-of-mass energy √sNN of 2.76 TeV at the LHC using the CMS detector. In data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 μb^(−1), the number of W → μν_μ decays is extracted in the region of muon pseudorapidity |η^μ| < 2.1 and transverse momentum P_T^µ > 25GeV/c. Yields of muons found per unit of pseudorapidity correspond to (159±10(stat.)±12(syst.))×10^(−8)W^+ and (154±10(stat.)±12(syst.))×10^(−8)W^− bosons per minimum-bias PbPb collision. The dependence of W production on the centrality of PbPb collisions is consistent with a scaling of the yield by the number of incoherent NN collisions. The yield of W bosons is also studied in a sample of pp interactions at √s = 2.76 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 231 nb^(−1). The individual W^+ and W^− yields in PbPb and pp collisions are found to agree, once the neutron and proton content in Pb nuclei is taken into account. Likewise, the difference observed in the dependence of the positive and negative muon production on pseudorapidity is consistent with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculations.

Additional Information

© 2012 CERN. Published by Elsevier B.V. This article is published Open Access at sciencedirect.com. It is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited. Received 29 May 2012. Received in revised form 3 July 2012. Accepted 11 July 2012. Available online 17 July 2012. Editor: M. Doser. We thank Carlos Salgado for fruitful theoretical inputs on nuclear effects in W production. We congratulate our CERN accelerator-department colleagues for the excellent performance of the LHC machine in 2010 and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and other CMS institutes for their contributions, and acknowledge support from: FMSR (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); Academy of Sciences and NICPB (Estonia); Academy of Finland, ME, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NKTH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); NRF and WCU (Korea); LAS (Lithuania); CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); PAEC (Pakistan); SCSR (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan); MST and MAE (Russia); MSTD (Serbia); MICINN and CPAN (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); NSC (Taipei); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA). Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie programme and the European Research Council (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A.P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture (FRIABelgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); and the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India.

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