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Published December 1952 | Published
Journal Article Open

Stress Singularities Resulting From Various Boundary Conditions in Angular Corners of Plates in Extension


As an analog to the bending case published in an earlier paper, the stress singularities in plates subjected to extension in their plane are discussed. Three sets of boundary conditions on the radial edges are investigated: free-free, clamped-clamped, and clamped-free. Providing the vertex angle is less than 180 degrees, it is found that unbounded stresses occur at the vertex only in the case of the mixed boundary condition with the strength of the singularity being somewhat stronger than for the similar bending case. For vertex angles between 180 and 360 degrees, all the cases considered may have stress singularities. In amplification of some work of Southwell, it is shown that there are certain analogies between the characteristic equations governing the stresses in extension and bending, respectively, if ν, Poisson's ratio, is replaced by -ν. Finally, the free-free extensional plate behaves locally at the origin exactly the same as a clamped-clamped plate in bending, independent of Poisson's ratio. In conclusion, it is noted that the free-free case analysis may be applied to stress concentrations in V-shaped notches.

Additional Information

© 1952 American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Manuscript received by ASME Applied Mechanics Division, February 28, 1952. Presented at the West Coast Conference of the Applied Mechanics Division, Los Angeles, Calif., June 26-28, 1952, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS.

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