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Published January 15, 2020 | Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

Intelligently optimized digital optical phase conjugation with particle swarm optimization


Wavefront shaping (WFS) based on digital optical phase conjugation (DOPC) has gained major interest in focusing light through or inside scattering media. However, the quality of DOPC is greatly limited by imperfections of the system in a complicated and coupled way. In this Letter, we incorporate the concept of global optimization to solve this problem comprehensively for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. An automatic and intelligent optimization framework for DOPC techniques is proposed, leveraging the global optimization ability of particle swarm optimization (PSO). We demonstrate the general and powerful ability of the proposed approach in a series of DOPC-related experiments for focusing through and inside scattering media. This novel work can improve the OPC quality greatly and simplify the development of a high-performance DOPC system, which may open up a new avenue for the general scientific community to benefit from DOPC-based WFS in their potential applications.

Additional Information

© 2020 Optical Society of America. Received 4 November 2019; revised 7 December 2019; accepted 8 December 2019; posted 9 December 2019 (Doc. ID 381930); published 10 January 2020. Funding: National Institutes of Health (R01 CA186567). The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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August 19, 2023
October 19, 2023