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Published June 20, 2018 | Published + Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

The Projected Dark and Baryonic Ellipsoidal Structure of 20 CLASH Galaxy Clusters

Abstract

We reconstruct the two-dimensional (2D) matter distributions in 20 high-mass galaxy clusters selected from the CLASH survey by using the new approach of performing a joint weak gravitational lensing analysis of 2D shear and azimuthally averaged magnification measurements. This combination allows for a complete analysis of the field, effectively breaking the mass-sheet degeneracy. In a Bayesian framework, we simultaneously constrain the mass profile and morphology of each individual cluster, assuming an elliptical Navarro–Frenk–White halo characterized by the mass, concentration, projected axis ratio, and position angle (PA) of the projected major axis. We find that spherical mass estimates of the clusters from azimuthally averaged weak-lensing measurements in previous work are in excellent agreement with our results from a full 2D analysis. Combining all 20 clusters in our sample, we detect the elliptical shape of weak-lensing halos at the 5σ significance level within a scale of 2 Mpc h^(-1). The median projected axis ratio is 0.67 ± 0.07 at a virial mass of M_(vir) = (15.2 ± 2.8) x 10^(14) M⊙, which is in agreement with theoretical predictions from recent numerical simulations of the standard collisionless cold dark matter model. We also study misalignment statistics of the brightest cluster galaxy, X-ray, thermal Sunyaev–Zel'dovich effect, and strong-lensing morphologies with respect to the weak-lensing signal. Among the three baryonic tracers studied here, we find that the X-ray morphology is best aligned with the weak-lensing mass distribution, with a median misalignment angle of |ΔPA| = 21° ± 7°. We also conduct a stacked quadrupole shear analysis of the 20 clusters assuming that the X-ray major axis is aligned with that of the projected mass distribution. This yields a consistent axis ratio of 0.67 ± 0.10, suggesting again a tight alignment between the intracluster gas and dark matter.

Additional Information

© 2018 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 March 30; revised 2018 May 3; accepted 2018 May 8; published 2018 June 18. Based in part on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Society of Japan. This work was made possible by the availability of high-quality weak-lensing data produced by the CLASH survey. We are grateful to the CLASH team who enabled us to carry out this work. We thank the anonymous referee for constructive suggestions and comments. We thank Masamune Oguri for making his simulated Subaru Suprime-Cam observations available to us. K.U. acknowledges support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (grants MOST 103-2112-M-001-030-MY3 and MOST 106-2628-M-001-003-MY3) and from the Academia Sinica Investigator Award. M.S. and S.E. acknowledge financial support from the contracts ASI-INAF I/009/10/0, NARO15 ASI-INAF I/037/12/0, ASI 2015-046-R.0 and ASI-INAF n.2017-14-H.0. Support for D.G. was provided by NASA through Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship grant number PF5-160138 awarded by the Chandra X-ray Center, which is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory for NASA under contract NAS8-03060. T.O. acknowledges support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under the grant MOST 106-2119-M-001-031-MY3. M.M., M.S., S.E., and J.S. acknowledge support from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Directorate General for Country Promotion (Project "Crack the lens"). J.S. was supported by NSF/AST-1617022.

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Published - Umetsu_2018_ApJ_860_104.pdf

Accepted Version - 1804.00664.pdf

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August 19, 2023
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