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Published June 20, 2015 | Published
Journal Article Open

Solar Sources of ^3He-rich Solar Energetic Particle Events in Solar Cycle 24


Using high-cadence EUV images obtained by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we investigate the solar sources of 26 ^3He-rich solar energetic particle events at ≾1 MeV nucleon^(−1) that were well-observed by the Advanced Composition Explorer during solar cycle 24. Identification of the solar sources is based on the association of ^3He-rich events with type III radio bursts and electron events as observed by Wind. The source locations are further verified in EUV images from the Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory, which provides information on solar activities in the regions not visible from the Earth. Based on AIA observations, ^3He-rich events are not only associated with coronal jets as emphasized in solar cycle 23 studies, but also with more spatially extended eruptions. The properties of the ^3He-rich events do not appear to be strongly correlated with those of the source regions. As in the previous studies, the magnetic connection between the source region and the observer is not always reproduced adequately by the simple potential field source surface model combined with the Parker spiral. Instead, we find a broad longitudinal distribution of the source regions extending well beyond the west limb, with the longitude deviating significantly from that expected from the observed solar wind speed.

Additional Information

© 2015 American Astronomical Society. Received 2015 April 2; accepted 2015 May 17; published 2015 June 22. We thank the referee for finding and correcting some problems in the original manuscript. This work has been supported by the NSF grant AGS-1259549, NASA grant NNX10AQ68G, NASA AIA contract NNG04EA00C and the NASA STEREO mission under NRL Contract No. N00173-02-C-2035. GMM acknowledges NASA grant NNX10AT75G, 44A-1089749, and NSF grant 1156138/112111. C.M.S.C. and M.E.W. acknowledge support at Caltech and JPL from subcontract SA2715-26309 from UC Berkeley under NASA contract NAS5-03131 T, and by NASA grants NNX11A075G and NNX13AH66G.

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