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Published November 1, 1987 | public
Journal Article Open

Structure of matter in strong magnetic fields


We give a detailed presentation of Hartree-Fock calculations of atoms and molecular chains in 10^12 G magnetic fields, as are supposed to exist on the surface of neutron stars. These calculations are the first self-consistent ones treating exchange properly for atoms heavier than helium in high fields. We find that the isolated atom is energetically favored over molecular chains for Z>2 at fields greater than 1×10^12G and for Z>4 at fields greater than 5×10^12 G. These results indicate that matter on the surface of neutron stars is bound very weakly, if at all.

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©1987 The American Physical Society. Received 13 April 1987.


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