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Published February 1, 2007 | public
Journal Article Open

Mitotic Cdc6 Stabilizes Anaphase-Promoting Complex Substrates by a Partially Cdc28-Independent Mechanism, and This Stabilization Is Suppressed by Deletion of Cdc55


Ectopic expression of Cdc6p results in mitotic delay, and this has been attributed to Cdc6p-mediated inhibition of Cdc28 protein kinase and failure to activate the anaphase-promoting complex (APC). Here we show that endogenous Cdc6p delays a specific subset of mitotic events and that Cdc28 inhibition is not sufficient to account for it. The depletion of Cdc6p in G2/M cells reveals that Cdc6p is rate limiting for the degradation of the APC/Cdc20 substrates Pds1p and Clb2p. Conversely, the premature expression of Cdc6p delays the degradation of APC/Cdc20 substrates. Abolishing Cdc6p/Cdc28p interaction does not eliminate the Cdc6-dependent delay of these anaphase events. To identify additional Cdc6-mediated, APC-inhibitory mechanisms, we looked for mutants that reversed the mitotic delay. The deletion of SWE1, RAD24, MAD2, or BUB2 had no effect. However, disrupting CDC55, a PP2A regulatory subunit, suppressed the Cdc6p-dependent delay of Pds1 and Clb2 destruction. A specific role for CDC55 was supported by demonstrating that the lethality of Cdc6 ectopic expression in a cdc16-264 mutant is suppressed by the deletion of CDC55, that endogenous Cdc6p coimmunoprecipitates with the Cdc55 and Tpd3 subunits of PP2A, that Cdc6p/Cdc55p/Tpd3 interaction occurs only during mitosis, and that Cdc6 affects PP2A-Cdc55 activity during anaphase. This demonstrates that the levels and timing of accumulation of Cdc6p in mitosis are appropriate for mediating the modulation of APC/Cdc20.

Additional Information

Copyright © 2007, American Society for Microbiology. Received 6 September 2006/ Returned for modification 7 October 2006/ Accepted 15 November 2006. Published ahead of print on 27 November 2006. We thank Doug Koshland and Paul Russell for plasmids, Karen Heichmann, Ray Deshaies, and Kim Nasmyth for strains, and J. R. Broach for antibodies against Tpd3. We also thank Benjamin Pina for the use of his laboratory for some of the work. This work was supported by TRDRP 9RT-0179 and NIH GM25508.


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