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Published June 2014 | Published + Submitted
Book Section - Chapter Open

Empirical Limits on Radial Velocity - Planet Detection for Young Stars


We report initial results from our long term search using precision radial velocities for planetary-mass companions located within a few AU of stars younger than the Sun. Based on a sample of >150 stars, we define a floor in the radial velocity scatter, σ_(RV), as a function of the chromospheric activity level R'_(HK). This lower bound to the jitter, which increases with increasing stellar activity, sets the minimum planet mass that could be detected. Adopting a median activity-age relationship reveals the astrophysical limits to planet masses discernable via radial velocity monitoring, as a function of stellar age. Considering solar-mass primaries having the mean jitter-activity level, when they are younger than 100 / 300 / 1000 Myr, the stochastic jitter component in radial velocity measurements restricts detectable companion masses to > 0.3 / 0.2 / 0.1 M_(Jupiter). These numbers require a large number — several tens — of radial velocity observations taken over a time frame longer than the orbital period. Lower companion mass limits can be achieved for stars with less than the mean jitter and/or with an increased number of observations.

Additional Information

Submitted on 15 Aug 2014.

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Published - 092-Hillenbrand+_CS18.pdf

Submitted - 1408.3475.pdf


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