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Published April 10, 2012 | Published
Journal Article Open

Bolocam Observations of Two Unconfirmed Galaxy Cluster Candidates from the Planck Early Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Sample


We present Bolocam observations of two galaxy cluster candidates reported as unconfirmed in the Planck early Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (eSZ) sample, PLCKESZ G115.71+17.52 and PLCKESZ G189.84–37.24. We observed each of these candidates with Bolocam at 140 GHz from the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory in 2011 October. The resulting images have white noise levels of ≃30 μKCMB arcmin in their central regions. We find a significant SZ decrement toward PLCKESZ G115.71. This decrement has a false detection probability of 5.3 × 10^(–5), and we therefore confirm PLCKESZ G115.71 as a cluster. The maximum SZ decrement toward PLCKESZ G189.84 corresponds to a false detection probability of 0.027, and it therefore remains as an unconfirmed cluster candidate. In order to make our SZ-derived results more robust, we have also analyzed data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) at the location of each cluster candidate. We find an overdensity of WISE sources consistent with other clusters in the eSZ at the location of PLCKESZ G115.71, providing further evidence that it is a cluster. We do not find a significant overdensity of WISE sources at the location of PLCKESZ G189.84.

Additional Information

© 2012 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2011 December 20; accepted 2012 March 6; published 2012 March 26. We acknowledge the assistance of: the day crew and Hilo staff of the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, who provided invaluable assistance during data taking for this data set; Kathy Deniston, Barbara Wertz, and Diana Bisel, who provided effective administrative support at Caltech and in Hilo; and the referees of our Letter, who provided many useful comments. The Bolocam observations were supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. J.S. was supported by NSF/AST-0838261 and NASA/NNX11AB07G; N.C. was partially supported by a NASA Graduate Student Research Fellowship; K.U. acknowledges support from the Academia Sinica Career Development Award. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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Published - Sayers2012p17954Astrophys_J_Lett.pdf


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