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Published July 1, 2004 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Depth-wise differentiation of Jones matrices obtained from Mueller optical coherence tomography


A unique feature of polarization-sensitive Mueller optical coherence tomography (Mueller-OCT) is that it can reveal various polarization properties of biological samples that are not observable using conventional OCT. One of the most important polarization parameters is birefringence, which can be measured in its integrated form using existing Mueller-OCT systems. We present a new method that uses the least squares algorithm to differentiate measured integrated Jones matrices so that the samples can be observed layer-by-layer. We tested the algorithm using simulated data with variable additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) levels. We further verified the algorithm using in vitro measurements of the porcine tendon and the septum of the rat heart. This least squares-based algorithm has the potential to reveal structures previously hidden by the inherent masking properties of the integrated images and provide localized phase retardation and orientation information.

Additional Information

© 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). This project was sponsored by the National Institutes of Health grant R01 CA092415.

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