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Published 2013 | public
Journal Article

Experimental study of minimum ignition energy of lean H_2-N_(2)O mixtures


Ignition energies for short duration (<50 ns) spark discharges were measured for undiluted and nitrogen-diluted H_2-N_(2)O mixtures of equivalence ratios ϕ = 0.15 and 0.2, dilution of 0% and 20% N_2, and initial pressures of 15–25 kPa. The ignition events were analyzed using statistical tools and the probability of ignition versus spark energy density (spark energy divided by the spark length) was obtained. The simple cylindrical ignition kernel model was compared against the results from the present study. Initial pressure has a significant effect on the width of the probability distribution, ranging from a broad (P = 15 kPa) to a narrow (P = 25 kPa) probability distribution indicating that the statistical variation of median spark energy density increases as initial pressure of the mixture decreases. A change in the equivalence ratio from 0.15 to 0.2 had a small effect on the median spark energy density. The addition of 20% N_2 dilution caused a significant increase in the median spark energy density when compared to no dilution. The extrapolation of the present results to atmospheric pressure, stoichiometric H_2-N_(2)O indicates that the electrostatic discharge ignition hazards are comparable to or greater than H_2-N_(2)O mixtures.

Additional Information

© 2012 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. Available online 18 June 2012.

Additional details

August 22, 2023
October 23, 2023