Electrical control of single hole spins in nanowire quantum dots
The development of viable quantum computation devices will require the ability to preserve the coherence of quantum bits (qubits). Single electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots are a versatile platform for quantum information processing, but controlling decoherence remains a considerable challenge. Hole spins in III–V semiconductors have unique properties, such as a strong spin–orbit interaction and weak coupling to nuclear spins, and therefore, have the potential for enhanced spin control and longer coherence times. A weaker hyperfine interaction has previously been reported in self-assembled quantum dots using quantum optics techniques, but the development of hole–spin-based electronic devices in conventional III-V heterostructures has been limited by fabrication challenges. Here, we show that gate-tunable hole quantum dots can be formed in InSb nanowires and used to demonstrate Pauli spin blockade and electrical control of single hole spins. The devices are fully tunable between hole and electron quantum dots, which allows the hyperfine interaction strengths, g-factors and spin blockade anisotropies to be compared directly in the two regimes.
Additional Information© 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 6 June 2012; accepted 9 January 2013; published online 17 February 2013. The authors thank L.M.K. Vandersypen and G. Bauer for helpful The authors thank L.M.K. Vandersypen and G. Bauer for helpful discussions and comments. This work has been supported by the Dutch Organization for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) and the European Research Council (ERC). V.S.P. acknowledges support from NWO through a VENI grant. Contributions: V.S.P., S.N., S.M.F., J.W.G.B. and I.W. performed the measurements. V.S.P., S.N., S.M.F. and J.W.G.B. analysed the data. V.S.P., S.N. and J.W.G.B. fabricated the devices. S.R.P. and E.P.A.M.B. provided the nanowires. L.P.K. supervised the project. All authors contributed to writing the manuscript. The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Supplemental Material - nnano.2013.5-s1.pdf
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