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Published December 19, 2014 | Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

Synthetic Biology of Multicellular Systems: New Platforms and Applications for Animal Cells and Organisms


Like life itself, synthetic biology began with unicellular organisms. Early synthetic biologists built genetic circuits in model prokaryotes and yeast because of their relative biological simplicity and ease of genetic manipulation. With superior genetic tools, faster generation times, and betterunderstood endogenous gene expression machinery, prokaryotes and yeast were (and remain) appealing hosts for the engineering of synthetic systems. Now in its second decade, synthetic biology in unicellular organisms has produced myriad synthetic genetic circuits, a number of industrial applications, and fundamental new biological insights unlikely to have emerged from nonsynthetic approaches.

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© 2014 American Chemical Society. Received: December 3, 2014; published: December 19, 2014.

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