Genetic Mapping in the Major Histocompatibility Complex by Restriction Enzyme Site Polymorphisms: Most Mouse Class I Genes Map to the Tla Complex
From a genomic library constructed from sperm DNA of the inbred BALB/c mouse, we previously isolated 54 cosmid clones that contain 36 class I genes and can be divided by restriction map analyses into 13 gene clusters. We have isolated single- and low-copy DNA probes from each of these clusters to visualize restriction enzyme site polymorphisms in the DNAs from various congeneic and recombinant congeneic mice. These polymorphisms permit us to map each of the 13 cosmid clusters to a precise location in the major histocompatibility complex of the mouse. Thirty-one of 36 class I genes map into the Tla complex of the major histocompatibility complex whereas the remaining 5 genes map to the H-2 complex. Thus, all 36 class I genes are located in the major histocompatibility complex. Analysis of the number of restriction enzyme fragments visualized by the single- and low-copy DNA probes suggests that the class I genes in different inbred strains of mice probably undergo gene duplications and deletions, presumably by homologous but unequal crossing-over.