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Published October 3, 2001 | Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Negative-Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Gas-Phase Acidity, and Thermochemistry of the Peroxyl Radicals CH_3OO and CH_3CH_2OO


Methyl, methyl-d3, and ethyl hydroperoxide anions (CH_3OO-, CD_3OO-, and CH_3CH_2OO-) have been prepared by deprotonation of their respective hydroperoxides in a stream of helium buffer gas. Photodetachment with 364 nm (3.408 eV) radiation was used to measure the adiabatic electron affinities:  EA[CH_3OO, X̃^2A''] = 1.161 ± 0.005 eV, EA[CD_3OO, X̃^2A''] = 1.154 ± 0.004 eV, and EA[CH_3CH_2OO, X̃^2A''] = 1.186 ± 0.004 eV. The photoelectron spectra yield values for the term energies:  ΔE(X̃^2A''−Ã^2A')[CH_3OO] = 0.914 ± 0.005 eV, ΔE(X̃^2A''−Ã^2A')[CD_3OO] = 0.913 ± 0.004 eV, and ΔE(X̃^2A''−Ã^2A')[CH_3CH_2OO] = 0.938 ± 0.004 eV. A localized RO−O stretching mode was observed near 1100 cm^(-1) for the ground state of all three radicals, and low-frequency R−O−O bending modes are also reported. Proton-transfer kinetics of the hydroperoxides have been measured in a tandem flowing afterglow−selected ion flow tube (FA-SIFT) to determine the gas-phase acidity of the parent hydroperoxides: Δ_(acid)G_(298)(CH_3OOH) = 367.6 ± 0.7 kcal mol^(-1), Δ_(acid)G_(298)(CD_3OOH) = 367.9 ± 0.9 kcal mol^(-1), and Δ_(acid)G_(298)(CH_3CH_2OOH) = 363.9 ± 2.0 kcal mol^(-1). From these acidities we have derived the enthalpies of deprotonation: Δ_(acid)H_(298)(CH_3OOH) = 374.6 ± 1.0 kcal mol^(-1), Δ_(acid)H_(298)(CD_3OOH) = 374.9 ± 1.1 kcal mol^(-1), and Δ_(acid)H_(298)(CH_3CH_2OOH) = 371.0 ± 2.2 kcal mol^(-1). Use of the negative-ion acidity/EA cycle provides the ROO−H bond enthalpies: DH_(298)(CH_3OO−H) = 87.8 ± 1.0 kcal mol^(-1), DH_(298)(CD_3OO−H) = 87.9 ± 1.1 kcal mol^(-1), and DH_(298)(CH_3CH_2OO−H) = 84.8 ± 2.2 kcal mol^(-1). We review the thermochemistry of the peroxyl radicals, CH_3OO and CH_3CH_2OO. Using experimental bond enthalpies, DH_(298)(ROO−H), and CBS/APNO ab initio electronic structure calculations for the energies of the corresponding hydroperoxides, we derive the heats of formation of the peroxyl radicals. The "electron affinity/acidity/CBS" cycle yields Δ_fH_(298)[CH_3OO] = 4.8 ± 1.2 kcal mol^(-1) and Δ_fH_(298)[CH_3CH_2OO] = −6.8 ± 2.3 kcal mol^(-1).

Additional Information

© 2001 American Chemical Society. Received 12 April 2001. Published online 7 September 2001. Published in print 1 October 2001. S.J.B., M.R.N., and G.B.E. are pleased to acknowledge support by the Chemical Physics Program, United States Department of Energy (DE-FG02-87ER13695); G.B.E. is a Fellow of the J. S. Guggenheim Foundation. W.C.L. is pleased to ackowledge support from the National Science Foundation (CHE 9703486). V.M.B. and S.K. gratefully acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation (CHE 9734867). M.O. is pleased to acknowledge JILA for the award of a Visiting Fellowship and the National Science Foundation (grant CHE 9700610). The GAUSSIAN98 calculations were carried out in part with a cluster of RSC-6000 digital computers supported by NSF (CHE 9412767) and in part using the facilities of the National Center for Supercomputing Application (CE980028N). We thank Prof. Tarek Sammakia for advice and assistance with the preparation of the methyl and ethyl hydroperoxides and Prof. Chuck DePuy for useful discussions.

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