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Published 1994 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Complex Adaptive Systems


The various groups at the Santa Fe Institute studying complex adaptive systems (CAS) have somewhat different points of view and have adopted different vocabularies. Some of us speak of "artificial life" or "artificial social life" or "artificial worlds," while others, of whom I am one, prefer to consider natural CAS and computer-based systems together. The latter include methods for adaptive computation as well as models and simulations of natural CAS.

Additional Information

© 1994. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the great value of conversations with John Holland and with other members of the SFI family. My research has been supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DEAC-03-81ER40050, by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and by the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research under the University Resident Research Program for research performed at Phillips Laboratory (PL/OLAL).

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August 20, 2023
August 20, 2023