Stable Self-Similar Profiles for Two 1D Models of the 3D Axisymmetric Euler Equations
Global regularity of the Euler equations in the three-dimensional (3D) setting is regarded as one of the most important open questions in mathematical fluid mechanics. In this work we consider two one-dimensional (1D) models approximating the dynamics of the 3D axisymmetric Euler equations on the solid boundary of a periodic cylinder, which are motivated by a potential finite-time singularity formation scenario proposed recently by Luo and Hou (PNAS 111(36):12968–12973, 2014), and numerically investigate the stability of the self-similar profiles in their singular solutions. We first review some recent existence results about the self-similar profiles for one model, and then derive the evolution equations of the spatial profiles in the singular solutions for both models through a dynamic rescaling formulation. We demonstrate the stability of the self-similar profiles by analyzing their discretized dynamics using linearization, and it is hoped that these computations can help to understand the potential singularity formation mechanism of the 3D Euler equations.
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