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Published June 15, 2002 | public
Journal Article Open

Dynamic Localization of an Okazaki Fragment Processing Protein Suggests a Novel Role in Telomere Replication


We have found that the Dna2 helicase-nuclease, thought to be involved in maturation of Okazaki fragments, is a component of telomeric chromatin. We demonstrate a dynamic localization of Dna2p to telomeres that suggests a dual role for Dna2p, one in telomere replication and another, unknown function, perhaps in telomere capping. Both chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and immunofluorescence show that Dna2p associates with telomeres but not bulk chromosomal DNA in G1 phase, when there is no telomere replication and the telomere is transcriptionally silenced. In S phase, there is a dramatic redistribution of Dna2p from telomeres to sites throughout the replicating chromosomes. Dna2p is again localized to telomeres in late S, where it remains through G2 and until the next S phase. Telomeric localization of Dna2p required Sir3p, since the amount of Dna2p found at telomeres by two different assays, one-hybrid and ChIP, is severely reduced in strains lacking Sir3p. The Dna2p is also distributed throughout the nucleus in cells growing in the presence of double-strand-break-inducing agents such as bleomycin. Finally, we show that Dna2p is functionally required for telomerase-dependent de novo telomere synthesis and also participates in telomere lengthening in mutants lacking telomerase.

Additional Information

Copyright © 2002, American Society for Microbiology. Received 19 November 2001/ Returned for modification 2 January 2002/ Accepted 22 February 2002 We thank D. Gottschling, V. Zakian, and L. Guarente for generously providing the yeast strains for telomeric assays and Sir3p antibody described in Materials and Methods. We thank the Caltech-ERATO center for use of the Nikon microscope and image processing. This research was supported by NSF POWRE grant MCB9805943 and support from the Pomona College Research Committee to L.L.M.H. and NIH GM25508 and NSF MCB9985527 to J.L.C.


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