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Published November 5, 1993 | public
Journal Article

Guanidinium chloride induction of partial unfolding in amide proton exchange in RNase A


Amide (NH) proton exchange rates were measured in 0.0 to 0.7 M guanidinium chloride (GdmCl) for 23 slowly exchanging peptide NH protons of ribonuclease A (RNase A) at pH* 5.5 (uncorrected pH measured in D_2O), 34 °C. The purpose was to find out whether GdmCl induces exchange through binding to exchange intermediates that are partly or wholly unfolded. It was predicted that, when the logarithm of the exchange rate is plotted as a function of the molarity of GdmCl, the slope should be a measure of the amount of buried surface area exposed to GdmCl in the exchange intermediate. The results indicate that these concentrations of GdmCl do induce exchange by means of a partial unfolding mechanism for all 23 protons; this implies that exchange reactions can be used to study the unfolding and stability of local regions. Of the 23 protons, nine also show a second mechanism of exchange at lower concentrations of GdmCl, a mechanism that is nearly independent of GdmCl concentration and is termed "limited structural fluctuation."

Additional Information

© 1993 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 25 March 1993; accepted 20 September 1993. We thank D. Barrick, S. W. Englander, T. Kiefhaber, D. Laurents, and A. Robertson for help and discussion. Supported by NIH grant GM 19988.

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