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Published April 22, 2014 | Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Phase Behavior of a Block Copolymer/Salt Mixture through the Order-to-Disorder Transition


Mixtures of block copolymers and lithium salts are promising candidates for lithium battery electrolytes. Structural changes that occur during the order-to-disorder transition (ODT) in a diblock copolymer/salt mixture were characterized by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). In salt-free block copolymers, the ODT is sharp, and the domain size of the ordered phase decreases with increasing temperature. In contrast, the ODT of the diblock copolymer/salt mixture examined here occurs gradually over an 11 °C temperature window, and the domain size of the ordered phase is a nonmonotonic function of temperature. We present an approach to estimate the fraction of the ordered phase in the 11 °C window where ordered and disordered phases coexist. The domain spacing of the ordered phase increases with increasing temperature in the coexistence window. Both findings are consistent with the selective partitioning of salt into the ordered domains, as predicted by Nakamura et al. ( ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, 478−481).

Additional Information

© 2014 American Chemical Society. Received: February 6, 2014. Revised: March 17, 2014. Published: April 2, 2014. Publication Date (Web): April 2, 2014. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, Grants DMR-0966626 and DMR-0966765. SAXS experiments were performed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advance Light Source, Beamline 7.3.3. Beamline 7.3.3 of the Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director of the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.

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