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Published September 1971 | Published
Journal Article Open

Micromagnetic characteristics of transverse diffuse domain boundaries in permalloy thin films


Transverse domain boundaries propagating in the longitudinal direction at speeds one to three orders of magnitude faster than normal domain walls are responsible for most of the lower speed reversals in magnetic thin films. Using a 10-ns exposure time Kerr magnetooptic camera, these boundaries have been photographed for a variety of applied fields in several films with thicknesses ranging from 500 to 3500 Å. High-magnification photographs of the boundary transition region reveal that the boundaries consist of small isolated areas of reversed and partially reversed magnetization in a nonreversed background. Propagation occurs by the nucleation of additional small areas of reverse magnetization within and ahead of the transition region. In a given film the width of the transition region increases as the applied field is increased. By approximating the divergence of the magnetization at the boundary as a line charge, a model has been derived which predicts the boundary widthWto beW = \frac{8M_{s}t}{H_{n}}\frac{1}{(1-H/H_{n})}where Msis the saturation magnetization andHis the applied field. The nucleation threshold Hnis the threshold at which nucleation is observed over all the film. The experimental data fit this predicted dependence quite well. The rapid increase in width of the transition region with applied field is correlated with a rapid nonlinear increase in the velocity of propagation.

Additional Information

© 1971 IEEE. Manuscript received March 4, 1971; revised May 10, 1971. Paper 25.7, presented at the 1971 INTERMAG Conference, Denver, Colo., April 13-16. This work was supported by the Burroughs Corporation and the NSF.

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