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Published November 2010 | Submitted + Published
Journal Article Open

Evolution of dust temperature of galaxies through cosmic time as seen by Herschel


We study the dust properties of galaxies in the redshift range 0.1 ≲ z ≲ 2.8 observed by the Herschel Space Observatory in the field of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North as part of the PACS Extragalactic Probe (PEP) and Herschel Multi-tiered Extragalactic Survey (HerMES) key programmes. Infrared (IR) luminosity (L_(IR)) and dust temperature (T_dust) of galaxies are derived from the spectral energy distribution fit of the far-IR (FIR) flux densities obtained with the PACS and SPIRE instruments onboard Herschel. As a reference sample, we also obtain IR luminosities and dust temperatures of local galaxies at z < 0.1 using AKARI and IRAS data in the field of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We compare the L_(IR)–T_dust relation between the two samples and find that the median Tdust of Herschel-selected galaxies at z ≳ 0.5 with L_(IR) ≳ 5 × 10^(10) L_⊙ appears to be 2–5 K colder than that of AKARI-selected local galaxies with similar luminosities, and the dispersion in T_dust for high-z galaxies increases with L_(IR) due to the existence of cold galaxies that are not seen among local galaxies. We show that this large dispersion of the L_(IR)−T_dust relation can bridge the gap between local star-forming galaxies and high-z submillimetre galaxies (SMGs). We also find that three SMGs with very low T_dust (≲20 K) covered in this study have close neighbouring sources with similar 24-μm brightness, which could lead to an overestimation of FIR/(sub)millimetre fluxes of the SMGs.

Additional Information

© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 RAS. Accepted 2010 September 3. Received 2010 July 26. Article first published online: 25 Oct. 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. PACS has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by MPE (Germany) and including UVIE (Austria); KU Leuven, CSL, IMEC (Belgium); CEA, LAM (France); MPIA (Germany); INAFIFSI/OAA/OAP/OAT, LENS, SISSA (Italy) and IAC (Spain). This development has been supported by the funding agencies BMVIT (Austria), ESA-PRODEX (Belgium), CEA/CNES (France), DLR (Germany), ASI/INAF (Italy) and CICYT/MCYT (Spain). SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff University (UK) and including University of Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, University of Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK) and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, University of Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); STFC (UK) and NASA (USA). The HerMES data were accessed through the HeDaM data base (http://hedam.oamp.fr) operated by CeSAM and hosted by the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille. This research is based on observations with AKARI, a JAXA project with the participation of ESA. MGL was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government (MEST) (grant no. R01-2007-000-20336-0).

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Published - Hwang2010p12112Mon_Not_R_Astron_Soc.pdf

Submitted - 1009.1058.pdf


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