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Published February 26, 1996 | public
Journal Article

Synthesis of ABA Triblock Copolymers of Norbornenes and 7-Oxanorbornenes via Living Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization Using Well-Defined, Bimetallic Ruthenium Catalysts


Norbornene and 7-oxanorbornene derivatives were polymerized by ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) in a living manner by employing three new well-defined, bimetallic ruthenium catalysts (PR3)2Cl2Ru(CH-p-C6H4C(H))RuCl2(PR3)2 [R = Ph, 1; R = Cy (cyclohexyl), 2; R = Cyp (cyclopentyl), 3] as initiators to obtain ABA triblock copolymers with low polydispersities. 1−3 were synthesized via alkylidene transfer from 1,4-bis(α-diazomethyl)benzene to RuCl2(PPh3)3 and subsequent phosphine exchange. Reactions of 7-oxanorbornenes 5 and 6 or a silicon-containing norbornene 7 with 3 resulted in polymers with low polydispersities ranging from 1.10 to 1.22, while polymerizations initiated by 2 displayed higher polydispersities ranging from 1.20 to 1.35. Polymerizations of 5−7 catalyzed by 2 and 3 fulfill the requirements for a living polymerization. However, catalyst 1 is not reactive enough to polymerize functionalized norbornenes or 7-oxanorbornenes. The living polymerizations were successfully used to prepare three ABA triblock copolymers of monomers 5−7. In all cases, these ABA triblock copolymers have higher molecular weights than the homopolymers, and all polydispersities remained low.

Additional Information

© 1996 American Chemical Society. Received September 8, 1995; Revised Manuscript Received December 8, 1995. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation. P.S. thanks the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for a Feodor Lynen postdoctoral fellowship. We are especially grateful to David Lynn for helpful comments.

Additional details

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