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Published March 4, 2022 | Published + Submitted
Journal Article Open

Search for Lepton Flavor Violation in Υ(3S) → e±μ∓

Lees, J. P.
Poireau, V.
Tisserand, V.
Grauges, E.
Palano, A.
Eigen, G.
Brown, D. N.
Kolomensky, Yu. G.
Fritsch, M.
Koch, H.
Schroeder, T.
Cheaib, R.
Hearty, C.
Mattison, T. S.
McKenna, J. A.
So, R. Y.
Blinov, V. E.
Buzykaev, A. R.
Druzhinin, V. P.
Golubev, V. B.
Kozyrev, E. A.
Kravchenko, E. A.
Onuchin, A. P.
Serednyakov, S. I.
Skovpen, Yu. I.
Solodov, E. P.
Todyshev, K. Yu.
Lankford, A. J.
Dey, B.
Gary, J. W.
Long, O.
Eisner, A. M.
Lockman, W. S.
Panduro Vazquez, W.
Chao, D. S.
Cheng, C. H. ORCID icon
Echenard, B. ORCID icon
Flood, K. T.
Hitlin, D. G. ORCID icon
Kim, J.
Li, Y.
Lin, D. X. ORCID icon
Middleton, S. ORCID icon
Miyashita, T. S.
Ongmongkolkul, P. ORCID icon
Oyang, J.
Porter, F. C. ORCID icon
Röhrken, M.
Huard, Z.
Meadows, B. T.
Pushpawela, B. G.
Sokoloff, M. D.
Sun, L.
Smith, J. G.
Wagner, S. R.
Bernard, D.
Verderi, M.
Bettoni, D.
Bozzi, C.
Calabrese, R.
Cibinetto, G.
Fioravanti, E.
Garzia, I.
Luppi, E.
Santoro, V.
Calcaterra, A.
de Sangro, R.
Finocchiaro, G.
Martellotti, S.
Patteri, P.
Peruzzi, I. M.
Piccolo, M.
Rotondo, M.
Zallo, A.
Passaggio, S.
Patrignani, C.
Shuve, B. J.
Lacker, H. M.
Bhuyan, B.
Mallik, U.
Chen, C.
Cochran, J.
Prell, S.
Gritsan, A. V.
Arnaud, N.
Davier, M.
Le Diberder, F.
Lutz, A. M.
Wormser, G.
Lange, D. J.
Wright, D. M.
Coleman, J. P.
Gabathuler, E.
Hutchcroft, D. E.
Payne, D. J.
Touramanis, C.
Bevan, A. J.
Di Lodovico, F.
Sacco, R.
Cowan, G.
Banerjee, Sw.
Brown, D. N.
Davis, C. L.
Denig, A. G.
Gradl, W.
Griessinger, K.
Hafner, A.
Schubert, K. R.
Barlow, R. J.
Lafferty, G. D.
Cenci, R.
Jawahery, A.
Roberts, D. A.
Cowan, R.
Robertson, S. H.
Seddon, R. M.
Neri, N.
Palombo, F.
Cremaldi, L.
Godang, R.
Summers, D. J.
Taras, P.
De Nardo, G.
Sciacca, C.
Raven, G.
Jessop, C. P.
LoSecco, J. M.
Honscheid, K.
Kass, R.
Gaz, A.
Margoni, M.
Posocco, M.
Simi, G.
Simonetto, F.
Stroili, R.
Akar, S.
Ben-Haim, E.
Bomben, M.
Bonneaud, G. R.
Calderini, G.
Chauveau, J.
Marchiori, G.
Ocariz, J.
Biasini, M.
Manoni, E.
Rossi, A.
Batignani, G.
Bettarini, S.
Carpinelli, M.
Casarosa, G.
Chrzaszcz, M.
Forti, F.
Giorgi, M. A.
Lusiani, A.
Oberhof, B.
Paoloni, E.
Rama, M.
Rizzo, G.
Walsh, J. J.
Zani, L.
Smith, A. J. S.
Anulli, F.
Faccini, R.
Ferrarotto, F.
Ferroni, F.
Pilloni, A.
Piredda, G.
Bünger, C.
Dittrich, S.
Grünberg, O.
Heß, M.
Leddig, T.
Voß, C.
Waldi, R.
Adye, T.
Wilson, F. F.
Emery, S.
Vasseur, G.
Aston, D.
Cartaro, C.
Convery, M. R.
Dorfan, J.
Dunwoodie, W.
Ebert, M.
Field, R. C.
Fulsom, B. G.
Graham, M. T.
Hast, C.
Innes, W. R.
Kim, P.
Leith, D. W. G. S.
Luitz, S.
MacFarlane, D. B.
Muller, D. R.
Neal, H.
Ratcliff, B. N.
Roodman, A.
Sullivan, M. K.
Va'vra, J.
Wisniewski, W. J.
Purohit, M. V.
Wilson, J. R.
Randle-Conde, A.
Sekula, S. J.
Ahmed, H.
Bellis, M.
Burchat, P. R.
Puccio, E. M. T.
Alam, M. S.
Ernst, J. A.
Gorodeisky, R.
Guttman, N.
Peimer, D. R.
Soffer, A.
Spanier, S. M.
Ritchie, J. L.
Schwitters, R. F.
Izen, J. M.
Lou, X. C.
Bianchi, F.
De Mori, F.
Filippi, A.
Gamba, D.
Lanceri, L.
Vitale, L.
Martinez-Vidal, F.
Oyanguren, A.
Albert, J.
Beaulieu, A.
Bernlochner, F. U.
King, G. J.
Kowalewski, R.
Lueck, T.
Nugent, I. M.
Roney, J. M. ORCID icon
Sobie, R. J.
Tasneem, N.
Gershon, T. J.
Harrison, P. F.
Latham, T. E.
Prepost, R.
Wu, S. L.
BaBar Collaboration


We report on the first search for electron-muon lepton flavor violation (LFV) in the decay of a b quark and b antiquark bound state. We look for the LFV decay Υ(3S) → e±μ∓ in a sample of 118 million Υ(3S) mesons from 27  fb⁻¹ of data collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II e⁺e⁻ collider operating with a 10.36 GeV center-of-mass energy. No evidence for a signal is found, and we set a limit on the branching fraction B[Υ(3S)→e±μ∓] < 3.6×10⁻⁷ at 90% C. L. This result can be interpreted as a limit Λ_(NP)/g²_(NP) > 80  TeV on the energy scale Λ_(NP) divided by the coupling-squared g²_(NP) of relevant new physics (NP).

Additional Information

© 2022 Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3. Received 10 September 2021; accepted 27 January 2022; published 3 March 2022. We are grateful for the excellent luminosity and machine conditions provided by our PEP-II colleagues, and for the substantial dedicated effort from the computing organizations that support BABAR. The collaborating institutions wish to thank SLAC for its support and kind hospitality. This work is supported by DOE and NSF (USA), NSERC (Canada), CEA and CNRS-IN2P3 (France), BMBF and DFG (Germany), INFN (Italy), FOM (Netherlands), NFR (Norway), MES (Russia), MINECO (Spain), STFC (United Kingdom), BSF (USA-Israel). Individuals have received support from the Marie Curie EIF (European Union) and the A. P. Sloan Foundation (USA).

Attached Files

Published - PhysRevLett.128.091804.pdf

Submitted - 2109.03364.pdf


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