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Published April 15, 1951 | public
Journal Article Open

Excited states of the mirror nuclei, Li7 and Be7


By studying the alpha-particles emitted in the disintegration of B10 by protons it has been shown that there exists an excited state in Be7 at 434.4±4 kev which corresponds to the well-known first excited state in the mirror nucleus, Li7. Measurements on the inelastic scattering of protons in Li7 yield a value 479.0±1.0 kev for the energy of the Li7*. The existence of these mirror states adds support to the equality of the p-p and n-n interactions exclusive of electrostatic and magnetic forces. The small difference, 45±4 kev, in the excitation energies is larger than second-order electric effects and is believed to be consistent with the order of magnitude of magnetic interactions in nuclei. The splitting of the ground and excited states must arise in some specific property of the nuclear interactions. In connection with the energy determinations, a detailed discussion is given of the precise measurements of the Q-values of nuclear reactions employing high resolution analyzers, electrostatic and magnetic, in the determination of particle energies. Experimental determinations of the cross sections for B10(p,α)Be7, B10(p,α′)Be7*(γ)Be7, B10(p,p)B10, Li7(p,p)Li7, and Li7(p,p′)Li7*(γ)Li7 are given.

Additional Information

©1951 The American Physical Society. Received 28 December 1950. In conclusion, we wish to thank Sylvan Rubin and C.Y. Chao, who aided in many of the observations reported here, and R.F. Christy for valuable discussions of the theoretical aspects. We are grateful to D.R. Inglis for communication of his results prior to publication. This work was supported by the joint program of ONR and AEC.


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