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Published December 1994 | Published
Journal Article Open

Broadband Waveform Observation of the 28 June 1991 Sierra Madre Earthquake Sequence (M_L = 5.8)


The Sierra Madre earthquake (M_I = 5.8) of 28 June 1991 occurred at a depth of about 12 km, on the Clamshell-Sawpit fault in the San Gabriel Mountains. High-quality seismograms were recorded with TERRAscope not only for the mainshock but also for the aftershocks at epicentral distances of about 16 km. We determined the focal mechanisms and seismic moments of the mainshock and 21 aftershocks by combining the waveform and first-motion data. We classified the events into five groups according to the location and waveforms recorded at PAS. Most events located within 5 km west of the mainshock are similar to the mainshock in waveform. The mechanisms thus determined are thrust mechanisms. A few events located east of the mainshock have waveforms different from the mainshock and have strike-slip mechanisms. The average Q_β values along the paths from the hypocenters of the Sierra Madre and the 3 December 1988 Pasadena earthquake (M_L = 4.9) to PAS are about 130 and 80, respectively. The stress drop of the mainshock is about 500 bars. Most of the aftershocks have stress drops between 10 and 100 bars.

Additional Information

© 1994, by the Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 28 May 1993. We thank Egill Hauksson for the information on the locations, first motions, and first-motion mechanisms of the events. This work was partially supported by the USGS Grant Number 14-08-0001-G1774. Contribution Number 5415, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

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