On the fundamental resonant mode of inhomogeneous soil deposits
The problem of estimating seismic ground deformation is central to state-of-practice procedures of designing and maintaining infrastructure in earthquake-prone areas. Particularly, the problem of estimating the displacement field in a soft shallow layer overlying rigid bedrock induced by simple shear wave excitation has been favored by engineers due to its simplicity combined with inherent relevance for practical scenarios. We here derive analytical estimates for both the fundamental frequency and the amplitude of the first resonant mode of such systems by applying an intuitive argument based on resonance of single-degree-of-freedom systems. Our estimates do not presuppose a continuous velocity distribution, and can be used for fast assessment of site response in seismic hazard assessment and engineering design. On the basis of the said estimates of fundamental frequency and amplitude, we next propose a novel definition of "equivalent homogeneous shear modulus" of the inhomogeneous deposit, and we show that the response of the fundamental mode is controlled primarily by the properties of the layers contiguous to the bedrock. We finally discuss the validity of our argument, and evaluate the accuracy of our results by comparison with analytical and numerical solutions.
Additional Information© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. Received 28 November 2019, Revised 24 March 2020, Accepted 22 April 2020, Available online 30 April 2020.
Accepted Version - 10.31224:osf.io:rqfsp.pdf