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Published February 11, 2015 | Published + Submitted
Journal Article Open

CARMA observations of massive Planck-discovered cluster candidates at z ≳ 0.5 associated with WISE overdensities: strategy, observations and validation


We present 1–2 arcmin spatial resolution Combined Array for Research in Millimetre-wave Astronomy (CARMA)-8 31 GHz observations towards 19 unconfirmed Planck cluster candidates, selected to have significant galaxy overdensities from the WISE early data release and thought to be at z ≳ 1 from the WISE colours of the putative brightest cluster galaxy. We find a Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) detection in the CARMA-8 data towards nine candidate clusters, where one detection is considered tentative. For each cluster candidate we present CARMA-8 maps, a study of their radio-source environment and we assess the reliability of the SZ detection. The CARMA SZ detections appear to be SZ bright, with the mean, primary-beam-corrected peak flux density of the decrement being −2.9 mJy beam^(−1) with a standard deviation of 0.8, and are typically offset from the Planck position by ≈80 arcsec. Using archival imaging data in the vicinity of the CARMA SZ centroids, we present evidence that one cluster matches Abell 586 – a known z ≈ 0.2 cluster; four candidate clusters are likely to have 0.3 ≲ z ≲ 0.7; and, for the remaining four, the redshift information is inconclusive. We also argue that the sensitivity limits resulting from the cross-correlation between Planck and WISE makes it challenging to use our selection criterion to identify clusters at z > 1.

Additional Information

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society 2014. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US. Accepted 2014 November 18. Received 2014 November 17; in original form 2014 May 23. First published online December 19, 2014. We thank the staff of the Owens Valley Radio observatory and CARMA for their outstanding support, in particular, we would like to thank John Carpenter. Support for CARMA construction was derived from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Kenneth T. and Eileen L. Norris Foundation, the James S. McDonnell Foundation, the Associates of the California Institute of Technology, the University of Chicago, the states of California, Illinois, and Maryland, and the National Science Foundation. Ongoing CARMA development and operations are supported by the National Science Foundation under a cooperative agreement, and by the CARMA partner universities. The Planck results used in this study are based on observations obtained with the Planck satellite (http://www.esa.int/Planck), an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States, NASA, and Canada. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. We acknowledge the use of NASA's SkyView facility (http://skyview.gsfc.nasa.gov) located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. We also wish to thank the referee, Dr Yvette Perrott, for very useful comments on this manuscript.

Attached Files

Submitted - 1409.1978v1.pdf

Published - MNRAS-2015-Rodríguez-Gonzálvez-902-26.pdf


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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023