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Published October 2021 | Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Thermal ignition by vertical cylinders


In this work, thermal ignition of laminar external natural convection flows by vertical cylinders is investigated. Effects of cylinder size are studied, with cylinder height ranging from 12.7 to 25.4 cm, and cylinder surface areas varying from 25 to 200 cm2. The minimum ignition threshold for a stoichiometric hexane-air mixture is 1019 K for a cylinder 25.4 cm long and 200 cm2 in surface area. The ignition threshold is found to have a weak dependence on surface area, in contrast to historical data. The ignition results are consistent with ignition temperature decreasing inversely with the logarithm of surface height. Experiments are performed with multi-component, heavy-hydrocarbon fuels including POSF-4658 Jet A and two surrogate fuels, Aachen and JI, as well as hexane. The setup is heated for multi-component fuel testing. POSF-4658 Jet A has an ignition temperature of 971 K at an ambient temperature of 333 K. All fuels investigated were found to have ignition thresholds within 38 K of the POSF-4658 Jet A ignition threshold. JI is found to be the most appropriate surrogate for POSF-4658 Jet A.

Additional Information

© 2021 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier. Received 22 January 2021, Revised 5 May 2021, Accepted 5 May 2021, Available online 6 June 2021. This work was supported by The Boeing Company through a Strategic Research and Development Relationship Agreement CT-BA-GTA-1. The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

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August 22, 2023
October 23, 2023