Research on Mechanisms of Exciting Pressure Oscillations in Ramjet Engines
An analytical and experimental study is being made of the role of combustion in large vortical structures in the mechanism of unsteady and unstable burning in air-breathing engines. A large body of experimental evidence supports the contention that these periodic fluctuations are themselves generated by the nonsteady flow over the flame holders and other surfaces. The mechanism itself is relatively independent of the acoustic configuration of the powerplant and its installation and hence constitutes the fundamental element of the combustion instability process. Whether or not the mechanism is excited does, however, depend upon the detailed acoustic properties of the combustion chamber and its environment and in many circumstances it is apparent that non-linear acoustics plays an essential role. As a consequence, the program includes detailed analytical studies of linear and non-linear acoustics in combustion configurations as a means of coupling the instability mechanism to a particular environment. The effective separation of the instability process into i) its mechanism and ii) its environment is aimed at eventually providing means of rational scaling of laboratory size experiments.
AFOSR Grant Number: AFOSR-84-0286