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Published February 21, 2017 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Optical focusing through biological tissue and tissue-mimicking phantoms up to 9.6 centimeters thick with digital optical phase conjugation


Optical phase conjugation (OPC) based wavefront shaping techniques focus light through or within scattering media, which is critically important for deep-tissue optical imaging, manipulation, and therapy. However, to date, the sample thicknesses used in wavefront shaping experiments have been limited to only a few millimeters or several transport mean free paths. Here, by using a long-coherence-length laser and an optimized digital OPC system that efficiently delivers light power, we focused 532 nm light through tissue-mimicking phantoms up to 9.6 cm thick, as well as through ex vivo chicken breast tissue up to 2.5 cm thick.

Additional Information

© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. Date Published: 21 February 2017. This work was sponsored in part by National Institute of Health grants DP1 EB016986 (NIH Director's Pioneer Award) and R01 CA186567 (NIH Director's Transformative Research Award).

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