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Published July 2015 | Published
Journal Article Open

Estimation and Inference in an Ecological Inference Model


We interpret an ecological inference model as a treatment effects model in which the outcomes of interest and the conditional covariates come from separate datasets. In this setting, the counterfactual distributions and policy parameters of interest are only partially identified under a selection on observables assumption. In this paper, we provide estimation and inference procedures for structural prediction and counterfactual analysis in such models. We also illustrate the procedures with an application to US presidential elections.

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© 2015 Walter de Gruyter GmbH. Supplemental Material: The online version of this article (DOI: 10.1515/jem-2015-0006) offers supplementary material, available to authorized users.

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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023