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Published September 2013 | public
Journal Article

Crystallization analysis fractionation of poly(ethylene-co-styrene) produced by metallocene catalysts


Ethylene homo polymer and ethylene–styrene copolymers were synthesized using Cp₂ZrCl₂ (1)/methyl aluminoxane (MAO) and rac-silylene-bis (indenyl) zirconium dichloride (2)/MAO catalyst systems by varying styrene concentration and reaction conditions. Crystallization analysis fractionation (CRYSTAF), DSC, FTIR and ¹H NMR spectroscopy were used for characterizing the synthesized polymers. Interestingly, styrene was able to increase the activity of 1/MAO and 2/MAO catalyst systems at low concentrations, but at higher concentrations the activity decreases. The 1/MAO system at low and high pressure was unable to incorporate styrene, and the final product was pure polyethylene. On the other hand, with 2/MAO polymerization of ethylene and styrene yielded copolymer containing both styrene and ethylene. Results obtained from CRYSTAF and DSC reveal that on using 1/MAO system at high pressure, the resulting polymer in the presence of styrene has similar crystallinity as the polymer produced without styrene. Using both 1/MAO at low pressure and 2/MAO leads to decrease in crystallinity with increase in styrene concentration, even though the former does not incorporate styrene.

Additional Information

© 2023 Springer. Authors are thankful to Center of Research Excellence in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals and to King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) for project funds.

Additional details

August 22, 2023
October 18, 2023