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Published December 1, 1955 | public
Journal Article Open

Cloud-Chamber Investigation of Charged V Particles


An analysis of 84 charged V events obtained during two years of operation of a vertical magnetic cloud-chamber array is presented. The particular features of interest which are studied in detail are the distribution of P*, the momentum of the charged secondary in the rest system of the primary, and the possible existence of a component of short lifetime (i.e., τ<5×10^-10 sec). The P* distribution from 19 slow, accurately measurable positive events is shown to imply that the large majority of these events arise from one or more two-body decays from primaries of mass approximately equal to that of the τ meson. One case turns out to be inconsistent with this interpretation, and is presumed to represent a three-body decay. The P* distribution from 6 slow, accurately measurable negative events is consistent with a single two-body decay having a P* value of about 200 Mev/c. This suggests the existence of a negative counterpart to the well-known θ0 particle, though the statistics are much too poor to permit any strong conclusion. The lifetime analysis provides strong evidence for the existence of a negative component of lifetime equal to or less than (1.3±0.6)×10^-10 sec. The transverse momentum distribution for these short-lived events is shown to suggest a two-body decay with a P* value of 201±12 Mev/c.

Additional Information

©1955 The American Physical Society Received 11 July 1955 The authors wish to express their appreciation to Professor C. D. Anderson for valuable discussions, and to Dr. V. A. J. van Lint and Dr. Arnold Strassenberg for assistance in the scanning and analysis of the data. Assisted by the joint program of the Office of Naval Research and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.


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